Why can’t you touch a camel that died of thirst in the desert?Will the consequences be serious?
Deserts account for 20% of the world’s 162 million square kilometers of land area.For many people, the desert is a terrible place.In the desert, there is not only a lack of water, not enough food, and it is not easy to identify the direction, in case of sandstorms, tornadoes and other disasters can not find shelter, so there are few people living in the desert.However, in ancient times when transportation was not developed, people would still choose to cross the desert for economic or cultural exchanges in order to develop economy and connect two places.If it was founded on the Silk Road in The Han Dynasty, it needed to go through the long desert and Gobi zone.”Camels are the only means of transportation in the desert.” You know, in the desert where there is little food and water, horses could not carry them across the desert.The camel, the only large mammal capable of surviving in the desert, served as a means of transportation and transporting goods.At the same time camel is desert gobi area people and geological exploration, archeological workers indispensable partners.Because of the special physiological function and organizational structure of camels, they can also have a strong ability to resist high temperature and thirst in the desert.An adult, healthy camel can live for 2-4 weeks without food, for 2 weeks without water, and for up to a month without food, so it deserves the name “ship of the desert.”But in fact, camels can die of thirst in extreme conditions, such as sandstorms and other phenomena. They are easily disoriented and cannot walk out of the desert.Many people might also get excited when they come across a dead camel in the desert.They may be hungry or thirsty and want to get some meat or water from a camel, but what they don’t know is that if they touch a dead camel in the desert, especially one that has started to swell, the consequences can be disastrous.When a camel dies of thirst in the desert, its body stops functioning completely. The fat in its hump and interior can no longer be metabolized and converted into energy, so it accumulates.Camels also secrete ammonia and other toxic substances in their bodies after they die.The humps of camels store fat instead of water, and their thick fur has an excellent insulation effect, but it also prevents them from releasing gas from their bodies after they die, which is why we see the belly of a camel that has died of thirst.After a while, the internal organs and flesh of the body are mostly depleted by microbes, leaving only the skin and skeleton, and the gas in the body.Fluffy camel at this time of the camel is equivalent to a large balloon full of gas, if rushed to touch the camel has obvious swelling, or even cut a knife on its belly, then it is very likely to let the gas inside the camel encounter external pressure and explosion.From bouncing off the gas to being injured.And its body odor gas and corpse water will also be released, to the surrounding environment and damage.The belly of a dead camel secretes a toxin like a ball, keeping the carcass is of course only one of the dangers. As mentioned above, some people who are already hungry in the desert will want to eat camel meat or drink the water that remains inside the camel.Not to mention the fact that camels die of thirst, they can hardly store water in their bodies.Even if they do, camels protect their carcasses by secreting toxins after they die.In addition to the toxin secreted by the skeleton structure of the camel, the camel’s body function stops completely after death, and many impurities in the camel’s body will not be decomposed, but continue to hide in the camel’s body.At this point, both camel water and camel meat are toxic. If eaten rashly, these toxins may flow into the body together, and even lead to death in serious cases.Therefore, it is very dangerous to touch a camel dying of thirst in the desert.Why would anyone want to touch a dead camel?Of course, all of this can’t be touched until some time after the camel is dead.If it is a camel that has just died of thirst, then there should not be those possibilities mentioned above, so the camel that has just died of thirst can still be touched.In a previous episode of Man Versus Wild, for example, Bayer acquired a dead camel and used it to spend a night in the desert.Therefore, in extremely difficult circumstances, if he meets a camel that has just died, he can use its fur to keep out the cold, or eat camel meat to satisfy his hunger. Even if he encounters sandstorms in the desert, the camel’s huge body will become a good shelter.That’s why someone would knowingly touch a dead camel.Bactrian and Dromedary Camels in the desert, camels can be used not only as a means of transportation, but also as a mobile food pack in case of emergency.Camels in the world can be divided into bactrian and dromedary camels, and their humps are used to store fat.As large animals, camels can normally eat about 13 kilograms of dry food and drink about 10 liters of water.How do camels store fat?Water and fat are stored in the camel’s body without being consumed, and an adult bactrian camel can store about 40 kilograms of fat in its hump.According to anatomical studies, more than 90% of the storage in the camel’s hump is deposited fat, and a small amount of water, cholesterol and so on.The fat in the hump generates carbon dioxide and water through oxidative decomposition and releases a lot of energy for the body to use.The hump of a camel is sometimes referred to as a “water bag” because it produces metabolic water as it breaks down oxidized fats, although this is of course incorrect.According to the results of hump dissection, 1g of fat can be oxidized to produce 1.1g of metabolic water, and a hump weighing 45kg can produce 50kg of metabolic water.When traveling across or across deserts, camels often have trouble getting food, and the fat in their humps provides them with water and heat when they are hungry and thirsty.Why are camels so thirsty?Inside the camel’s nose are thin, curved tubes that are normally wet, but when the camel’s body becomes dehydrated, these tubes stop secreting fluid properly.It also grows a hard skin on the white side of the pipe, absorbing the water exhaled by the camel to reduce water loss outside the body.When the camel exhales, these skins send the water back to its body, allowing it to be recycled so that the camel can meet its basic water needs even if it doesn’t drink for a short period of time.The nose of a camel and the function of its sweat glands are also amazing.Unlike endotherms, the camel’s body temperature can change with the temperature outside.When the desert temperature drops at night, the camel’s body temperature drops to about 34 degrees Celsius.During the day, the camel’s body temperature rises as the day heats up.Even when the outside temperature rises, camels do not sweat right away. They start to sweat only when their body temperature is above 41 degrees Celsius.Because the camel’s sweat glands are all over its body, they remain only partially open in high temperatures, reducing the amount of time it spends sweating and thus reducing water loss.Camel hemolysis of red blood cells with resistance to permeability of huge function blood also has particularity, camel camel red blood cells in the body of the dewatering test according to the researchers, found that the camel hemolysis of red blood cells with resistance to permeability of huge function, that is to say, its salt content is very high, blood and water storage capacity is very strong,In this way, the water in the blood will not be easily lost.And camels can move around when they’re 30 percent dehydrated, which is much better than the 12 percent limit for humans.Camels are ruminants, and their stomachs can be divided into three chambers, in which the first chamber contains 20-30 water 胕, just like small bottles, which can be used to store water.Anatomic study also found that there are anterior ascites and posterior water sacs in the visceral surface of the rumen, which can store 5-6 liters of water.The camel’s whole body is either saving water or saving water, so it’s no wonder it’s so thirsty.The abomasum of the bactrian camel is also due to the unique structure of the camel’s body and its usefulness in the desert, leading many people trapped in the desert to choose to take water from the camel’s body.However, it is rare to encounter a camel dying of thirst in the desert. Even if it is really encountered in the desert, no matter whether it has been expanded, for their own safety, or do not rush to check and touch it.