In 1962, it was 50 degrees inside the B59 submarine, and an angry Soviet captain reached for the nuclear button
October 27, 1962, was a Saturday.It is a weekend of rest, according to The American custom, but the nation’s nerves have been strained for thirteen days.On Friday, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev sent a letter to President Kennedy. It seemed that something good was happening. After all, the Soviets had made an offer of reconciliation, and it seemed that the two sides could sit down and talk.On Saturday, however, a Soviet convention-powered submarine, apparently a G2 class diesel-electric submarine armed with nuclear missiles, made its way to the American doorstep and broke through the “quarantine” that the U.S. military had placed around Cuba.Diesel-electric submarines, they always have to come to the surface to “catch their breath”, but unfortunately he underestimated the Sensitivity of the Americans and was spotted by American sea cruisers as soon as he came to the surface to recharge.What followed was remembered as a nightmare by Soviet submarine crews.Within minutes, American destroyers closed in like iguana dogs smelling rotting flesh.Unable to provoke so many surface ships, the Soviet submarine had to dive to avoid them.The Americans then bombed the B-59 for hours with depth charges, the full kind.If the Type 629 did not understand what had happened that morning, it was as if the Americans were playing tricks on the officers and men of the Soviet submarine.Depth charges continued to explode around the submarine, but never caused fatal damage to the submarine.But it’s not a pleasant feeling to be inside a big brass bell while a big man is pounding it.The loud roar, accompanied by strong vibrations, and the rising temperature inside the submarine became increasingly intolerable to the Soviet submarine crews.Temperatures of 50 degrees are enough to make anyone lose their mind, and the cabin where the engine is located reached 60 degrees.The air inside the submarine became thin, and many Soviet soldiers lost consciousness from asphyxiation.Captain Valentine, the submarine commander, grew increasingly angry.”Prepare nuclear missiles!”In a fit of rage, the captain gave an order to the soldier in charge of the ballistic missile.If Colonel Valentine knew why the Americans were doing this, he probably would not mistake it for challenging the dignity of Soviet soldiers as soldiers.Earlier in the day, U2 aircraft 566676, piloted by rudolph Anderson, an authentic U.S. Air Force pilot, took off from an air force base near Orlando, Florida.It is emphasized that he is an air force pilot, because U2 has been under the CIA since its birth. In order to hide the public, U2 has been frequently violating the airspace of China and the Soviet Union in the name of weather detection.U2’s sudden switch to the United States Air Force did not happen until August 1962.In August U2, then part of the CIA, spotted a busy Soviet ship of unknown origin making its way from the Black Sea to Cuba.U2 was visiting Cuba only twice a month, and the plane’s high-definition reconnaissance cameras carried the usual 2,500 metres of film.U2 took lots of pictures of The Soviet ships and found that they were heavy and had a deep draft.Disassembled planes and missiles?Then, on 29 August, U2 discovered eight sam-2 surface-to-air missile sites on the island of Cuba!Not only that, but a Soviet-made mig-21 fighter jet was also spotted.The Americans had never found migs to fly this far, so it seemed clear how they got there.More importantly, the Sam-2 is a defensive missile.They are generally deployed around important military installations.So what vital facility is the Sam-2 on guard?With such an important change in Cuba, the Americans should have stepped up their surveillance.But in a strange twist, U2 stopped its routine reconnaissance of Cuba from 5 September to 12 August.The Americans’ explanation was bad weather, but it was Kennedy’s team who, according to later Revelations, feared that U2 would be brought down by the Soviets for no reason, as Bowers had been in 1960.That was a big loss of face for then-President Dwight D. Eisenhower.It is not known how the Americans operated internally, but by the time U2 resumed its reconnaissance of Cuba on 13 October, it had been replaced by USAF pilots.The flight took off from Edwards Air Force Base on the West Coast of the United States, skimmed southeast over Cuba, then turned around and landed safely at McCoy Air Force Base on the Florida peninsula.’It was like delivering milk to Cuba,’ said Air Force Major Mike Haze, who was on the mission.I don’t know how the CIA feels about that, but in the ’60s the Americans started to internalize each other?On October 16, after the Air Force proved that the Cuban side could do nothing about U2, president Kennedy ordered that the frequency of reconnaissance over Cuba be increased to six times a day.Why the sudden increase?A total of 928 photos taken by U2 were sent to the U.S. National Photo Interpretation Center.On October 15th the Americans who analysed the photos got a shock.According to the photos, there are 21 more ilyush-28 bombers capable of dropping nuclear warheads on the island, and the Soviets are also building three missile bases that can fire medium and long range missiles!That night, presumably to give the president a good night’s sleep and deal with the difficult situation, the frightening report was handed to the Assistant secretary of Defense in the Oval Office after he returned to work at the White House on The morning of The 16th.Then Kennedy found out that the letter written to him by Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev on April 18, 1961, was genuine.On April 4, 1961, Kennedy approved Operation Pluto.On April 17, 1,500 mercenaries landed on Gilon Beach and Long Beach, Cuba, under the direct cover of U.S. warships, with the aim of overthrowing Castro.Wearing his broad black-rimmed glasses, castro, 34, commanded Cubans to kill more than 90 American mercenaries and crush American plots.Castro and Khrushchev this matter can be struggling to find the opportunity of Khrushchev was very happy.The opportunity!The Americans had 200 icBMs while the Soviets had 70.If this were a real counter – launch nuclear missile, the Soviets would suffer.Not only that, but the Americans have placed medium-range nuclear missiles on their little NATO brothers.For example, Italy, Spain.Britain and France also acquired nuclear weapons.That would put the European part of the Soviet union, the core part of the Soviet Union, within NATO’s nuclear reach.And the American nuclear submarines, to the west, the Americans put their nuclear submarines in Britain, and to the east the Americans put their nuclear submarines in Guam.Mobile, static, intercontinental, mid-range, strategic, tactical, encircling the Soviets.How to do?Cuba’s strategic location is slowly coming into focus.Cuba is only 90 nautical miles from Florida.You Americans can put nuclear missiles outside my walls, why can’t I put weapons in your backyard?So immediately after geelong Beach, Khrushchev wrote a letter to Kennedy offering to give Cuba all the weapons it could to fight the American invasion.But the Soviets did not act immediately.After all, there is a new Kennedy to watch.In June 1962, Khrushchev and Kennedy held a summit meeting in Vienna, Austria.The two men had a wide-ranging meeting, but Khrushchev’s contempt for Kennedy was triggered by a word or gesture from Kennedy, or by Marilyn Monroe singing “Happy Birthday” to him on his birthday last month.So, after the summit, Khrushchev decided to deploy medium-range nuclear missiles in Cuba, in Khrushchev’s words: put a hedgehog in the Pants of the Americans!Operation code: Anadyr!Thus, it began in July 1962 and ended on October 27.The Soviets sent 41,902 Soviet troops, 42 medium-range missiles, 42 mig-21 fighters, and 576 missiles to Cuba on 150 ships, 185 round trips.More importantly, there are 60 strategic nuclear warheads, 92 tactical nuclear warheads, six atomic bombs for the Il-28 light jet bomber, and four nuclear ammunition mines.In order to defend these facilities, 24 Sam-2 missile battalions were deployed over 100,000 square kilometres of Cuban land, while during the same period there were only about five surface-to-air missile battalions on our vast territory.Rudolph Anderson first photographed the Soviets’ SS-4 medium-range missile on October 16, after the Americans had upped their U2 reconnaissance flights over Cuba.The new discovery made The nation nervous. Kennedy and his men continued to spy and discuss for about a week. Finally, on the night of October 22, Kennedy gave a 17-minute televised address to the nation.In addition to announcing that the Soviets had indeed placed missiles in Cuba and that they were imposing a blockade called “isolation,” the Americans also announced that they would try to avoid the risk of a global war.In a nuclear war, even if victory is won, the fruit of victory is nothing but ashes.But ordinary Americans could not believe such promises. The news that the Soviets had deployed nuclear missiles in Cuba sent americans into a panic.To what extent, the street is not too many people, supermarkets appeared all kinds of panic buying.One woman even bought 12 bags of detergent.One reason for this is that in the two world wars of the 20th century, the Americans never reached home except for the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor.The reason for the Pearl Harbor attack was that the Americans adopted the nuclear strategy of first using nuclear weapons to intimidate non-nuclear countries in the world. Therefore, they kept propagating the power of nuclear bombs. As a result, the American people also knew how powerful nuclear weapons were.Combined with the Soviets putting nuclear missiles on Americans’ doorsteps, it’s not surprising that ordinary Americans were terrified.At this point, either to prepare for possible Soviet overreaction or to placate ordinary Americans, Kennedy increased the frequency of reconnaissance flights over Cuba to every two hours.The U.S. Air Force has also been put on the highest state of alert, which is when planes are fully fueled and loaded, and pilots are in the cockpit waiting for orders.It was in this tense atmosphere that On October 27 Rudolf Anderson, in a U2 plane, loaded with ten thousand metres of film, began a reconnaissance of Cuba.”Target, number 33!Anderson was picked up by Soviet radar as soon as he entered Cuban airspace.The Soviets asked him if he was one of their own or an enemy. Anderson did not answer.9:20 a.m. Anderson’s U2 is shot down! Shot down!?When word got back to the United States, Curtis Lemay, then chief of staff of the Air Force, immediately ordered a massive air strike in retaliation against Soviet bases in Cuba.Sixteen American bombers were ready to take off when the White House blocked Curtis’s order and announced that no retaliatory military action could be carried out unless Kennedy gave the order himself.It also explains why American destroyers dropped so many depth charges on Soviet B-59 submarines without causing any fatal damage.Colonel Valentine’s hand, too, shrank at last under the increasingly rare charge of depth charges.He decided not to do anything, not even fire his torpedoes, but to float.Moreover, he himself was in a cold sweat. If he had pressed his hand just now, the result would have been really unpredictable.The next day, President Kennedy announced the end of the reconnaissance mission to Cuba.And Air Force Chief of Staff Curtis Lemay asked why there was no retaliation against Cuba.Kennedy stammered and couldn’t answer.In fact, Kennedy had decided that if the Soviets did attack, he would immediately lift the “quarantine” on Cuba.Judging by Khrushchev’s letter to Kennedy and Kennedy’s plan, neither side wanted a real nuclear war and knew what it would do.Eventually, the Soviets withdrew their nuclear missiles, and in exchange, the Americans removed their nuclear missiles from Turkey.The Cuban missile crisis is over.