Li Tianhao: Russian and Olympic athletes doping test “first after the race”, misunderstanding or conspiracy?
2022-06-18 0 By
Born on April 26, 2006, Russian figure skater Kamila Valieva, nicknamed “K-Po,” was promoted to the adult group only last year.The result was that in 2021-22, she won the European Championships and dominated the Russian grand Prix, setting three world records in the short program (87.42), free skate (185.29) and total points (272.71).In January 2022, At the European Figure Skating Championships, Kbao once again set her own short program record.She topped the Beijing Olympics with 178.92 points after performing the Sakhof quadruple jump and the back ice quadruple jump.While everyone was reveling in her delicate looks and skills, a surprising news came: K-po may be banned for doping, and the Russian Olympic Team may be stripped of their gold medal in women’s figure skating.Why “first after the game”?Can figure skating continue its beauty when it becomes less pure in the big game?What is trimetazidine?At the root of the problem was the presence of the substance Trimetazidine in a sample submitted by Kbao in December 2021.Trimetazidine is a drug used in the treatment of patients with myocardial ischemia to improve the efficiency of energy metabolism.According to the doctors, “trimetazidine may improve the efficiency of some exercises, but not by much, since all cardiac and muscular energy during exercise comes from the athlete’s own biological energy.”Given K-Po’s reputation as an unbeatable player from the start, the use of a banned substance that made little sense seemed counterintuitive.But the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has been alerted by the fact that trimetazidine can be used to help athletes recover, allowing them to perform consistently high levels of exercise that they cannot do naturally.In 2013, the drug was not included in the prohibited list, but in 2014, after it was added to the prohibited list, it was classified as “S6″.”Doping”, that is, belong to the competition prohibited drugs.Chinese Olympic swimming champion Sun Yang was banned for three months by the Chinese Swimming Association for taking trimetazidine before the 2014 Asian Games.In 2015, trimetazidine was classified as “S4. Hormone and metabolic Modulator”, which is prohibited at all times.In the latest anti-doping list released in 2022, trimetazidine is directly classified as “hormone and metabolic regulator”.The latest star athlete to be penalized for trimetazine was French wrestler Zelimhan Hajaf, who was banned for four years in 2020.However, because trimetazidine is transformed into the same product as another drug, lomerizine (which is not banned), if trimetazidine is found in a drug test, the presence of lomerizine at the same time needs to be ruled out for it to be considered banned.Therefore, even if trimetazidine is found in bottle A, K Bao still has A chance to “turn over”.Is it a misunderstanding or a conspiracy?Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov on Tuesday refused to comment on The alleged doping case, but His wife tatyana Navka, a former Olympic ice dancing champion, lashed out at the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) for what she called a deliberate provocation against the Russian team.The key is two things: First, did K-Po actually take banned drugs?As mentioned above, there are controversies in the detection of this kind of drugs, and the help of this kind of drugs for figure skaters is limited. Is the purpose of kbao’s active use clear enough?Second, the timing of WADA’s announcement is too delicate.The sample in question was taken on December 25, 2021, after K-Po won the Russian national championships.Because of WADA’s ban on Russian sports, they have no right to conduct their own tests and need to send them to a laboratory in Stockholm, Sweden, to wait for the results.On February 7, The Russian and Austrian team won the gold medal in the winter Olympics figure skating team event thanks to The performance of Kbao.Results On February 8, the Stockholm laboratory spread the news that The drug test sample of K-Bao was positive.Because the All-Russia championships are not under the auspices of the INTERNATIONAL Olympic Committee, according to the procedure, the Stockholm laboratory reported the results to the Russian anti-doping agency RUSADA, which provisionally suspended K Bao immediately.But after the athletes appealed, a hearing was held on Feb. 9 to lift the provisional ban and allow K Bao to compete in the Games.On Feb 11, the International Doping Testing Authority (ITA) confirmed that a trimetazidine sample tested by Kbao was positive and subsequently appealed to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS).The International Skating Federation (ISU) immediately announced the result of an appeal to reinstate Kbao’s provisional suspension.Meanwhile, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) said it would appeal against the Russian anti-doping agency’s decision to lift Valieva’s suspension and allow her to continue competing in the Games. The case will be heard by the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS).More interesting is, according to the world anti-doping regulations, if only a player of doping tests positive for the team competition gold medal athletes will not be deprived, but given Russia in doping on the issue of “gravity”, when it comes to the problem of Russian athletes, this regulation is not applicable clearly.That’s why Tatyana Navka is furious, calling WADA’s announcement of k-Bo’s positive drug test timed to the Russian and Olympic team’s victory a “conspiracy.”As things stand, the biggest impact may be on the Russian and Austrian teams, who may lose their gold medal in women’s figure skating.If MEDALS in the team sport are reallocated, the U.S. could go from silver to gold.Because she is still only 15, She is in the “protected age range” and could receive only a slap on the wrist if she tests positive, but her coaches and team members could face heavy fines.In addition, there is another impact, k-bao may not be able to continue to participate in the women’s solo free skating.As the first woman to complete a quadruple jump at the Winter Olympics, the all-but-guaranteed individual gold medal may have slipped away.The history of doping Testing: How to make competition no doping?Doping is an inescapable topic in sports, and 1960 can be regarded as a turning point in the history of anti-doping.Danish cyclist Knud Enemark Jensen fell and hit his head during the 100-kilometer team race in Rome. He died in hospital.His coach admitted after the race that he had given the team drugs, including alcohol and tobacco.Since then, anti-doping has become mainstream in sports, with FIFA announcing an anti-doping policy in 1966 and the International Olympic Committee following suit a year later.Official drug testing was introduced at the 1968 European Football Championships and was first introduced at the 1968 Mexico City Olympics.Because anti-doping testing is always some time behind drugs, there must be some room for foul play.Gene doping is difficult to detect in urine and blood, making it a difficult problem in the fight against doping.But with the development of technology, this problem has been gradually solved.On the other hand, less than 1 percent of athletes were positive during the Beijing and London Games, but the results of subsequent retests were closer to 8 percent, so storing athletes’ biometric samples (urine and blood) for longer could also be a more effective way to combat doping in the future.The court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) is expected to give its verdict on Kbao’s case on February 15, just before she competes in the women’s figure skating event at the Beijing Winter Olympics.Even if there is an unsatisfactory answer at present, there is still the possibility of further investigation and new means of technological development in the future, which may lead to the pursuit of punishment or “redress of injustice” in the future.Source: Guanchan.com